P10 - Run-length encoding of a list.

Author: David Romano

Specification

P10 (*) Run-length encoding of a list.
    Use the result of problem P09 to implement the so-called run-length
    encoding data compression method. Consecutive duplicates of elements
    are encoded as arrays [N, E] where N is the number of duplicates of the
    element E.

Example

> prob10().perl.say
[[4, "a"], [1, "b"], [2, "c"], [2, "a"], [1, "d"], [4, "e"]]

Source code: P10-unobe.pl

use v6;

my @l = ;
sub prob10 (@in) {
    return gather loop {
        last if !@in.elems;
        my $val = @in[0];
        take [
            gather {
                loop {
                    last if !@in.elems;
                    @in[0] ~~ $val ?? take(shift @in) !! last
                };
            }.elems, $val
        ];
    };
}
say ~@l;
say prob10(@l).list.perl;